2010 Publications

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Trajectories of Opportunity for Young Men and Boys of Color: Built Environment and Placemaking Strategies for Creating Equitable, Healthy, and Sustainable Communities

Deborah L. McKoy, Jeffrey M. Vincent & Ariel H. Bierbaum

CC+S chapter in the book Changing Places: How Communities Will Improve the Health of Boys of Color (edited by Christopher Edley, Jr. and Jorge Ruiz de Velasco; University of California Press 2010). The book draws attention to the urgent need— both economic and moral—to better understand the policy and community- based factors that serve as incentives or barriers to young men and boys of color as they make critical life decisions. Our chapter investigates the ways in which unhealthy environments — and the urban planning and institutional practices that created them — structure disadvantage and undermine the life chances of young men and boys of color. We then describe how innovative city-school initiatives are aligning and leveraging the diverse elements of the built and social environment to create the trajectories of opportunity this group needs and deserves.

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Smart Schools for Sustainable Communities: Aligning Sustainable Communities Planning and Public Education in California (Invited Policy Roundtable)

CC+S partnered with the California Strategic Growth Council and the California Department of Education to host an invited roundtable, bringing together local and state leaders together to discuss promising strategies for linking public schools to the creation of healthy, sustainable communities. Topics included, integrating schools into regional Sustainable Communities Strategies and local planning activities, school siting and design, and green construction. Participants worked together to identify policy opportunities for improving educational experiences and realizing sustainable communities.

Download Roundtable Summary Report (PDF)
Download California Department of Education Presentation (PDF)

Partnerships for Joint Use: Expanding the Use of Public School Infrastructure to Benefit Students and Communities

Jeffrey M. Vincent

Funded by the Council of Educational Facility Planners International, this study categorizes the types of joint use used by school districts utilized in California. We discern the challenges and lessons in joint use partnerships and make policy, procedural, and research recommendations to better support the joint use of public schools throughout the country.

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Re-visioning school facility planning and design for the 21st century: creating optimal learning environments

Policy roundtable hosted by the California Department of Education and facilitated by the Center for Cities + Schools.

The roundtable explored the historical, contemporary, and visionary future contexts of school facilities in California to advise the state on policy reforms to promote learning environments that support 21st century education programs. This report is a summary and analysis of the roundtable proceedings. It also serves as a guide for further reevaluation of school facilities planning and design policy in the state of California. Funding for this project provided by the California Department of Education.

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Download Executive Summary (PDF)

Putting Schools on the Map: Linking Transit-Oriented Development, Households with Children, and Schools

Ariel H. Bierbaum and Jeffrey M. Vincent

Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Volume 2357, pgs 77-85

Transit-oriented development (TOD) remains a popular strategy to achieve environmentally sustainable infill development and auto use reduction. Typically, TOD in the United States offers retail amenities and housing catering to single individuals, childless couples, and empty nesters. The new model in this paper requires an examination of the ways that TOD might attract households with children concerned with access to high-quality schools, even when schools are outside the domain of traditional transportation and land use public agencies. We review the TOD and transportation literature and its attention to households with children and issues of public schools for students from kindergarten to Grade 12.

Explore the entire Transportation Research Board Volume 2357

Social Enterprise for Learning: A Replicable Model of Service Learning and Civic Engagement

Deborah McKoy, David Stern, and Ariel H. Bierbaum
Social Studies Review
49(1): 82-85

Many schools offer service learning—community service linked to classroom studies—to help students become more effective participants in a democratic society. Different forms of service learning combine various amounts of discussion and analysis of social issues with engagement in activities that have real impact outside the classroom. What we call "Social Enterprise for Learning," or SEfL, involves students in both thinking about a civic or public issue and doing something about it. In this paper we describe the process we have developed for organizing SEfLs in high schools and how they evolve together with local educational and community partners. We include brief accounts of several SEfLs in San Francisco, to demonstrate how this process can be successfully replicated.

Putting Schools on the Map: Linking Transit-Oriented Development, Families, and Schools in the San Francisco Bay Area

Ariel H. Bierbaum, Jeffrey M. Vincent & Deborah L. McKoy

This paper examines the connections between Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) and families, schools, and expanding educational opportunities for all children. This paper is the first of its kind; therefore, we take an exploratory approach to understanding and framing these interconnections. We provide a rationale for the linkages at this nexus, highlight the Ten Core Connections between TOD and public education, highlight five case studies in the Bay Area, and make recommendations for enhancing city-school collaboration in TOD.

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A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR JOINT USE: Enabling and Supporting Community Use of K–12 Public School Facilities 

Jeffrey M. Vincent, CC+S and Mary Filardo, 21st Century School Fund

Joint use of public school facilities is a complex but manageable approach to efficiently enhancing the services and programs available to students and supporting the community use of public schools. Building upon on our 2010 paper titled Joint Use of Public Schools: A Framework for a New Social Contract, this paper identifies the policy framework needed to support sustainable joint use of public schools. Our goal with this paper is to provide local and state leaders with the policy framework needed to enable and support community use. The policy framework addresses the challenges to harnessing the opportunities and benefits of the community use of K–12 public schools. We discuss the policy elements that have been and can be used to incorporate joint use into normal planning and operations of school districts and local and regional public agencies and to do so in a sustainable and fiscally-responsible manner. The framework addresses policy at the state and local levels and acknowledges that joint use requires public and private agencies to work together in new ways. This paper also describes the need for public transparency and understanding of the full cost of ownership of public school facilities as a critical part of policy.

In collaboration with Active Living Research and the Convergence Partnership

Monitoring Success in Choice Neighborhoods: A Proposed Approach to Performance Measurement

Robin Smith, G. Thomas Kingsley, Mary Cunningham, Susan Popkin, Kassie Dumlao, Ingrid Gould Ellen, Mark Joseph & Deborah McKoy

This paper considers how to effectively evaluate outcomes and measure success in comprehensive community transformation efforts, such as the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)'s proposed Choice Neighborhoods Initiative. It is a product of the Urban Institute and was supported by the What Works Collaborative.

Creating Pathways for Educational and Neighborhood Success: Hunters View HOPE SF Educational Strategy Plan

Deborah L. McKoy and Ariel H. Bierbaum

The HOPE SF Housing & Education strategic planning study investigates how to meaningfully integrate public education into the revitalization of the Bayview Hunters Point neighborhood. The study provides an overall understanding of the current educational landscape at Hunters View; highlights opportunities to maximize resources and outcomes for all residents and families; and assists in creating an action plan for HVCP and their city and school district partners.

The Impact of State Regulations on the Costs of Public School Construction

Jeffrey M. Vincent and Paavo Monkkonen
Journal of Education Finance 35(4): 313-330, Spring 2010

In this article, we measure the impacts of three public school construction regulations on the costs of construction in a model that incorporates a more comprehensive set of project and locality characteristics than previous research.

Fair, Transparent and Equitable: Recommendations for K-12 Joint Use Facilites FeE Structure in San Francisco

Jeffrey M. Vincent and Ruth Miller PLUS Report, 2013

SFUSD, like many districts, allows use of its classromms, gymnasiums, and other indoor facilities to external groups. But similar to other districts, SFUSD has struggled to apply use fees consistently, fairly and equitably. Building from the recommendations of the 2010 report, San Francisco's Public School Facilities as Public Assets: A Shared Understanding and Policy Recommendations for the Community Use of Schools, and the working group, this report proposed an updated, revised pricing methodology and fee schedule in accordance with California's Civic Center to increase transparency, consistency, and align to SFUSD's education goals.

Sustaining Authentic Community Engagement Through Collaborative Governance: EmeryVille, California

Adrianne Wheeler 2010 PLUS Report

Helms Community SchooL Creation: West Contra Costa UniFied School District

2010 PLUS Report

Interagency collaboration to Address Barriers to Student Learning

Paul Perry 2010 PLUS Report

City/School district coordinated Information and Knowledge SharinG: City of San Pablo and West Contra Costa Unified School District, California 

Reino Makkonen 2010 PLUS Report


Sarah Sullivant PLUS Report, 2010

To address the fragmentation of Oakland's public schools, this report recommends developing a shared vision at the school and district levels and incorporating service partners into the life and culture of school sites.


Seenae Chong + Tracey Logan PLUS Report, 2010

This report explores methods of creating partnerships between schools, non-school supports and community organizers by looking at OUSD's Complementary Learning Department.


HOPE SF: Adult-Supported Youth Engagement in Building Equitable, Health, and Sustainable COmmunities 

LeConte Dill PLUS Report, 2010

Through connections with local communities of practice as well as development professionals and other adult actors, HOPE SF can improve the prospects for affiliated youth. 

The Education Gospel: The Economic Power of Schooling: Center for Cities & Schools Spring 2005 Speakers Series with W. Norton Grubb

Nystrom United Revitalization Effort

Kris Hartley PLUS Report, 2010